What is Coronavirus?
Coronavirus is known as Covid-19 is a disease caused by Coronaviruses. It is a type of virus that causes sicknesses from the common cold to more severe complications related to the respiratory system. These can range from acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) to the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). It is found that this virus originated in animals and was later transmitted to humans. It is essential to know about Coronavirus and its symptoms to safeguard ourselves from the rapidly increasing pandemic.
Where did the Coronavirus start?
The disease source is the wet market of Wuhan city of China. It was first found in December 2019. This market usually sells both dead and alive animals to its customers. The source of animals for this new Coronavirus is still not identified by researchers. However, it is believed to be from bats.
How does the new Coronavirus spread?
The new Coronavirus spread through microdroplets released by the infected individual into the air. These droplets fall on to the ground and various other surfaces. Upon falling these droplets come in to direct contact with other individuals. Then the disease will spread further as the germs can live on these surfaces for a few hours. Individuals who touch their faces, eyes, mouth, or nose from infected hands tend to catch the virus often.
What are the symptoms of Coronavirus?
The main symptoms of this new Coronavirus include fever, cough, sore throat, difficulties in breathing, shortness of breath. However, some infected individuals can also show symptoms such as body aches, runny nose, and diarrhoea.
Severe cases usually show conditions such as pneumonia, failures in various organs of the body, ultimately causing death. The incubation period (time taken from infection to the time taken to show symptoms) of this virus is 14 days from the day of exposure.
How to protect yourself from the Coronavirus?
Use personal protective measures to safeguard yourself from the virus. Other key steps are as follows.
Frequent washing of hands
Regularly wash your hands with a good soap or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer for 20-30 seconds. Effective washing of hands often removes traces of germs from hands, reducing the risk of infection.
Always maintain social distancing
Any individual should maintain a minimum of 1-meter distance from another person during an outbreak of this nature. This distance will reduce individuals breathing in liquid droplets of an infected person when they cough or sneeze.
Use a facemask when around others
Facemasks will protect the people around you from infected individuals.
Refrain from touching nose, eyes, and face
Avoid touching your face as your hands touch multiple surfaces during your day to day activities. These surfaces can be contaminated with the virus from infected people. Once the hands touch the surface, they will pick the virus particles increasing the risk of infection.
Disinfect the surfaces of direct contact
Make sure to clean and disinfect the frequently touched surfaces from an alcohol-based household disinfectant. These surfaces may include doorknobs, handles, light switches, phones, etc.
Maintain respiratory hygiene at all times
Respiratory hygiene includes properly covering your nose and mouth during coughing and sneezing with your elbow or a tissue. Dispose of the used tissues as soon as possible.
Seek medical advice immediately if there is an onset of any of the above symptoms
Stay indoors in case if you are feeling ill. If you are suffering from any of the above symptoms, seek medical advice immediately.
Stay updated and informed
Regularly update yourself about the developments of the Coronavirus. Everyone should strictly adhere to the guidelines provided by your healthcare providers and national health authorities of the country.